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Being a mother and working: The challenges of the 21st century

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The world is changing and the role of women in society too. Gone is the time of being just mothers and more and more spaces are opening up and more gaps are being broken for women to position themselves in the world of work, however, it is not an easy task.

The challenges mainly arise when a woman faces the world of work and motherhood, since she must become a multitasking person who must not only respond to her work responsibilities, as a woman, but also as a mother. It is true that some companies have worked on this, and have adjusted the working conditions of mothers and their children, there is still a long way to go.

Hundreds of women have found themselves in the dilemma of choosing between having children or having a career, because society has made them feel that these purposes are divorced and that they are impediments to achieving one or the other. But in turn, society is also in charge of pointing out women who decide for one thing or another, or when they combine them.

In addition, some companies prefer women without children and also choose to open more spaces for men than for women, taking into account that at the time of conception the conditions can change.

The International Labor Organization (ILO) revealed that «45 percent of women do not return to their working hours after having a child. The partners of these women, 100 percent of the men, do return to their normal hours “after completing their paternity leave.

Added to this context are the challenges faced by mothers due to the technological leap, a challenge that previous generations did not have to face. The conciliation expert maternity, work and business, Cristina Faustino, pointed out: "We have gone from being just mothers (which is not a little work), to being working mothers, sacrificing ourselves for our children, trying to achieve everything and forgetting ourselves."

On the other hand, the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI), it was known that at least 96.1 percent of women, especially mothers, «in addition to making a notable contribution in the professional field, contribute their time with effort and dedication to housework; a task that translates into educating children, caring for household members, organizing and directing its chores: providing food, cleaning and repairing the home, taking care of clothing and footwear, shopping and paying , among others".

After the pandemic caused by covid 19 and the recent global economic crisis, women turn out to be the most affected. The ILO sex and employment specialist for Latin America, María Elena Valenzuela, explained that the financial crisis was going to affect women more because they experience a situation of inequality in the labor market, being more feasible than a company , faced with the need to reduce your staff, start by laying off women.

In this regard, the mothers interviewed indicated: «Men continue to have a greater opportunity to occupy managerial positions, there is even the belief that men will be more emotionally stable. There is the impossibility of believing that women have leadership capacity.

Outside the official labor area (since domestic chores are also considered jobs), society tends to look down on a woman who dedicates herself exclusively to house chores, despite the fact that these are highly productive not only for the home economy but also also for the development of a country.

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